Of the 25 patients seen, 21 were available for follow-up. The sample consisted of 17 females and 4 males with a mean age of 57 years. After calculating a body mass index for each patient, 86% were found to be overweight for their height and age,12 24% were diabetic, and 62% were hypertensive. Three individuals presented with deformity bilaterally. Orthotic treatment was determined by the prescribing orthopedic surgeon, usually as an effort to avoid surgery. All patients described varying levels of both medial and lateral pain before treatment, indicating that orthotic management was initiated late, often after bed rest, short leg cast, or pain-management injection treatments failed. Pes planus , has a more familiar name, that is flat foot The malformation involves lowering of the longitudinal arch lowering and external flexion of the heel. The feet are flat on the ground along their entire surface. Flatfoot is generally an inherited state, but can also be acquired later in life. The latter condition typically occurs in people who once had a natural arch in the foot. In this case, usually an injury which causes a dislocation of the talus bone is the catalyst for the fallen arch. For details about firm and soft Orthotic Arch Support Insoles or other fine quality foot care products, visit Direct Insoles today! Osteoarthritis Screening Quiz Osteoarthritis can also be referred to as ‘wear-and-tear’ arthritis. It’s on average regarded as a major condition in older people but may appear as another problem in younger people. Damage, profession, excess fat, and genetics are one of the facets which cause the cartilage of the joint to wear away. Simply take our Osteo-arthritis Testing Test. The Pain Relief Quiz How much are you aware about relieving pain? Suffering acts because the sign that something is wrong in the torso. There are lots of pain-relieving methods which may be attempted. Are you aware in regards to the different suffering treatments? Simply take the Pain-relief Test. Support - Podiatrists understand that poor support in shoes or boots can increase plantar fasciitis discomfort. Kuru's are perfect for plantar fasciitis since they have orthotic-quality support having a deep heel cup as well as arch support built directly into the footbed and insole. Any support from an orthotic, arch support, or taping should be considered a temporary modality while a person strengthen and lengthen the tissues. Over-the-counter arch supports might be useful in patients with acute plantar fasciitis and mild pes planus Jul 05, 2010 By Tina M. St. John, M.D. Photo Caption Fallen arches may affect one or both feet. Photo Credit Feet image by patty2210 from Fotolia.com Research has shown that tendon specimens from people who suffer from adult acquired flat feet show evidence of increased activity of proteolytic enzymes These enzymes can break down the constituents of the involved tendons and cause the foot arch to fall. In the future, these enzymes may become targets for new drug therapies. 4 Diagnosis edit Supporting your feet is usually a first step in recovering from the condition. Your doctor may recommend that you wear orthotics, which are inserts that go inside your shoes to support your feet. For children, the doctor may prescribe special shoes or heel cups until their feet are fully formed. Lifestyle Changes Surgery is only performed if the conservative treatment fails to improve the patient symptoms (severe pain) and dysfunction of the joints. The patient should be referred to Podiatric feet and ankle surgeon. The outcome of the surgery may include the big toe may not be straight and the patient unable to fit into a smaller shoe. The most common surgical procedure are Mitchell‘s operation and Keller‘s operation. Mitchell’s operation is performed in younger people and adolescent. Mitchell’s operation involved performing osteotomy of the neck of the metatarsal bone and medial displacement of the metatarsal head.Keller’s operation is performed for elderly people. Prominent blood veins can mean a variety of things, depending on the severity and color. Some causes of prominent blood veins are inconsequential and others require medical care. Cushing's disease or Cushing's syndrome is a condition that occurs when the body is exposed to cortisol, a hormone, for long periods of time. According to Mayo Clinic, this condition can be difficult to diagnose. A person's body shape is sometimes compared to an apple or a pear, depending upon the location of body fat. Specific health risks and diseases are associated with each type of body shape.