Article body (HTML version) Most warts are harmless and are commonly found on children and teenagers. Warts are caused by a very common virus that invades the skin though a small visible or invisible abrasion. A lot of people confuse warts with a corn or callous. The difference is that warts have tiny red-brown spots in the center where callouses do not. Fashionable stylish shoes carry lots of positive minds and positive reliability which makes buyers attract and love to buy for their feet Although they don't know that buying these shoes are going to make their delicate feet unstable and unbearable which cause Painful foot problems To have an orthotic made properly, a podiatrist should perform a biomechanical examination to learn what forces are coming into your foot from the lower back, hips, knee, and ankle. A gait analysis is often performed to see how the foot functions when walking. Ultimately a mold of the foot is taken with plaster or fiberglass while holding the foot in a stable, neutral position. It is from this mold that the orthotic is fabricated. You can also use a large pored mineral sponge for the foot callous removal. The mineral substances in the sponge slowly degrade the hard skin around the callous until the callous is completely removed. Callused skin tends to form on the balls of the feet and the heels, and can be quite expansive. It can cover the whole ball of the foot on some cases. Callused skin is usually flat, and can be very hard. Corns on the other hand tend to be small and spherical in shape, and form most commonly on the toes. They are commonly located on the tops of the toes over a joint, although can form anywhere on the foot where pressure is constantly exerted. Buy good supporting shoes and try to save those uncomfortable shoes for occasions where you won't be standing on your feet too much. If the underlying bone deformity or biomechanical abnormality isn't corrected the nail will continue to build up callus. Some deformities are easy to fix with a minor procedure or custom foot orthotics. Once the cause of the nail condition is addressed then the nail itself can be treated. If fungus is present then the new Laser treatment, oral medication or a combination of the two are the treatment options. In the absence of fungus, a thick nail has to be filed down and treated with Urea based products. Urea can help prevent recurrence of hyperkeratin. Treatment for a callus is often a simple process. If you are healthy, removing the source of friction often does the trick. This may involve changing the shoes you wear, evaluating your gait if you are a runner, or avoiding going barefoot. Try a foot soak with warm water to start. Adding a few tablespoons of lemon juice can also help to soften the skin. Use a callus file or a pumice stone to gently wear away the top layer of dead skin. Being gentle is key! You can repeat the soak and rubbing until you have removed the layers of toughened skin. Don't wear the same pair of shoes two days in a row. If you frequently wear athletic shoes, alternate pairs so that the shoes can dry out. Give your shoes at least 24 hours to air out between wearings; if the odor doesn't go away, discard the shoes A form of electrolysis, called iontophoresis, has been shown to reduce excessive sweating of the feet. However, it is more difficult to administer. In the worst cases of hyperhidrosis, a surgeon can cut the nerve that controls sweating. Recent advances in technology have made this surgery much safer, but may increase sweating in other areas of the body.